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Fishing Gear Basics – What You Need To Know To Get Started

There are many different types of fishing gear out there, and it can be a bit overwhelming if you’re just getting into the hobby. The good news is that just a little bit of studying and experience will help you learn all you need to know about fishing gear to make every outing as successful as possible.

The Style of Fishing:

Marlin Fishing
Big Game Fishing Marlin Jumping.

The style of fishing matters drastically when it comes to fishing gear. Fly fishing, ice fishing, saltwater fishing, and freshwater fishing all require different equipment as well as different setup. Generally speaking, it’s not all interchangeable, and there are tools for each style of fishing that are needed for one method but not others. As long as you understand this, you’ll be able to make sure you have the right gear. A shelter is necessary for ice fishing, and a fly fishing rod is only used for that one particular type of angling.

Type Of Rod:

Fly fishing requires a particular rod. While this isn’t necessarily the case for ice fishing, many ice fishing enthusiasts recommend telescopic fishing rods because of there space saving ability. These rods are designed to take up less space so you can be in a shelter and keep the line off jagged edges where it is more likely to be cut. On the other hand, there are many open-faced reels and rods that can be used for both freshwater and coastal saltwater fishing.

One of the big things to pay attention to is the “action” of the rod. This refers to how reactive it is. If a rod has high action, it is going to be very sensitive. You’ll find it easier to know when a fish hits and to set the hook, but will have a hard time with larger fish because the fight they put up will put a strain on the rod and the line. On the other hand, if a rod is a low action, it is better built for really large fish, but you’ll have to pay attention since you won’t feel tentative hits nearly as much.

What type of fish you’re going after may help determine whether you want a low, medium, or heavy action rod.

Type Of Reel:

This goes along with style to some extent, but even beyond that, there are options. Baitcasting reels are generally not for beginners but give some outstanding control when it comes to casting. Most anglers prefer open-faced reels although in some cases closed face reels might be used for freshwater fishing, especially for smaller fish or when helping teach kids how to fish for the first time.

Reels can help determine casting ability, distance, and you want to work on finding a rod and reel combination that work well together.

Fishing Line:

The fishing line is an essential part of any setup. Higher pound test line for big fish, lower for smaller ones. You will want to look at a variety of factors including how well the line is made, the likelihood it will hold or break, as well as matching it with an appropriate reel to make sure you have enough.

Berkley FluoroCarbon
Berkley FluoroCarbon

Tackle and Bait:

This is going to vary immensely based on what you’re going after. Carp fishing means sitting up some baited rods on shore with a fish alarm, sitting in a favorite lawn chair, and reading away. If you’re going after northern pike, you need busy lures that get attention and encourage an aggressive response. Each area has its own ecosystem which will help determine what colors, patterns, are going to be effective versus which ones will be less likely to induce a strike.

Boat or Shore?

If you have a boat obviously you need the appropriate motor as well as fishfinder. If you’re fishing from the shore, these are much less necessary. Where you’re fishing will help determine if you need additional gear like waders, a hat with fly fishing flies, or even what type of net to bring along.

In Conclusion:

There are many different things to think about when it comes to fishing gear, but by keeping these tips in mind, you’ll be prepared to make sure you’re adequately prepared and equipped for your next outing. Having the right gear will help you get the most out of your next outing.

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